The repetition of this (Om) and meditating on its meaning (is the way).Why should there be repetition? We have not forgotten the theory of Samskaras*(see below), that the sum-total of impressions lives in the mind. They become more and more latent but remain there, and as soon as they get the right stimulus, they come out. Molecular vibration never ceases. When this universe is destroyed, all the massive vibrations disappear; the sun, moon, stars, and earth, melt down; but the ,vibrations remain in the atoms. Each atom performs the same function as the big worlds do. So even when the vibrations of the Chitta* subside, its molecular vibrations go on, and when they get the impulse, come out again.

We can now understand what is meant by repetition. It is the greatest stimulus that can be given to the spiritual Samskaras. One moment of company with the holy makes a ship to cross this ocean of life. Such is the power of association. So this repetition of Om, and thinking of its meaning, is keeping good company in your own mind. Study, and then meditate on what you have studied. Thus light will come to you, the Self will become manifest.

The commentator says the manifesting word of God is Om. Why does he emphasize this word? There are hundreds of words for God. One thought is connected with a thousand words ; the idea "God" is connected with hundreds of words, and each one stands as a symbol for God. Very good. But there must be a generalisation among all these words, some substraturn, some common ground of all these symbols, and that which is the common symbol will be the best, and will really represent them all. In making a sound we use the larynx and the palate as a sounding board.

Is there any material sound of which all other sounds must be mani festations, one which is the most natural sound? Om (Aum) is such a sound the, basis of all sounds. The first letter A, is the root sound, the key, pronounced without touching any part of the tongue or palate ; M represents the last sound in the series, being produced by the closed lips, and the U rolls from the very root to the end of the sounding board of the mouth. Thus, Om represents the whole phenomena of sound-producing. As such, it must be the natural symbol, the matrix of all the various sounds. It denotes the whole range and possibility of all the words that can be made. Apart from these speculations, we see that around this word Om are centred all the different religious ideas in India ; all the various religious ideas of the Vedas have gathered themselves round this word Om. What has that to do with America and England, or any other country? Simply this, that the word has been re tained at every stage of religious growth in India, and it has been manipulated to mean all the various ideas about God. Monists, dualists, mono-dualists, separatists, and even atheists took up this Om. Om has become the one symbol for the religious aspiration of the vast majority of human beings. Take, for instance, the English word God. It covers only a limited function, and if you go beyond it, you have to add adjectives, to make, it Personal, or Impersonal, or Absolute God. So with the words for God in every other language ; their signification is very small. This word Om, however, has around it all the various significances. As such it should be accepted by everyone.

*Samskaras = Inherent tendencies
*Chitta = Mind Stuff

By Swami Vivekananda
Raja Yoga, courtesy of Vedanta Press



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